During the summer of 1854 anti-Catholic sentiments were running high. A mob in Bath, Maine, incited by a street preacher, ransacked and burned the Protestant church that had been rented by Catholics as a place of worship. The Know-Nothing party was held responsible for this act.

The hate and bigotry against Irish catholics in the mid-nineteenth century was chronicled by May Agnes Tincker in "The House of York" (1872).

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