September (Mean Fomhair) 21st


1170 – Dermot MacMurrough and the Normans march on the Norse kingdom of Dublin, avoiding an Irish force that awaits them to the south of it. Dublin falls to them on this date. Some Norsemen, including the king of Dublin, Askulv, flee to the Hebrides or the Isle of Man

1601 - A Spanish army under Don Juan del Aguila lands at Kinsale

1703 - The first Irish parliament of Queen Anne is called; Alan Brodrick is unanimously elected Speaker

1728 - Philip Embury, founder of the American Methodist Church, is born in Ballingrane, Co. Limerick (see Missions to America)


1745 - The Jacobites are victorious at Prestonpans

1795 - 'Battle of the Diamond' between (Protestant) Peep o' Day Boys and (Catholic) Defenders near Loughgall, Co. Armagh leaves 30 Defenders dead and leads to the foundation of the Loyal Orange Institution (later the Orange Order) ' defend the King and his heirs as long as they shall maintain the Protestant ascendancy'


1798 - British Gen. Trench attacks the French and Irish left behind by Humbert to hold Killala. About 300 Irish rebels are killed, some while trying to surrender.


1827 - Michael Corcoran, a brigadier general in the Federal Army during America's Civil War, was born in Carrowkeel, County Sligo. Corcoran served as a policeman in the Royal Irish Constabulary but resigned during the Great Hunger, no longer able to condone the repressive actions of that police force against the starving Irish. He emigrated to New York and found work in the city's employ while also joining the 69th New York State Militia as a private. He rose through the ranks to colonel commanding the regiment and won the hearts of the city's Irish population when he refused to parade the 69th for the visit of the Prince of Wales in 1860. The state intended to court-martial him for this but the start of the Civil War led officials to dismiss the charges, and Corcoran led the regiment to Washington. At the Battle of 1st Bull Run, Corcoran was wounded and captured and spent the next 13 months in various Confederate prisons before he was finally exchanged. His health would never recover from that time in Southern prison camps. Promoted to brigadier general on his return, he recruited a brigade of volunteers from Irish enclaves in New York state that became known as Corcoran's Legion. He led the legion and then a division during the Suffolk (Virginia) campaign in April 1863. While there he was involved with a regrettable incident. While riding with fellow Fenian leader John O'Mahoney, Corcoran shot and killed Lt. Col. Edgar Kimball of the 9th New York Infantry. Corcoran was ordered to face a court-martial in the case, but it was never convened. On December 22, 1863, Corcoran was riding with Brig. Gen. Thomas F. Meagher and others when he suddenly fell from his horse and died shortly afterwards. Many articles on Corcoran say he was killed when his horse fell on him, but recent research points toward a stroke as the most likely cause of death. On December 27, he was interred at Calvary Cemetery in the borough of Queens, today within New York City.

1881- Revolutionary Eamonn Ceannt (Kent) was born in Glenamaddy, County Galway. He was educated at University College, Dublin, and worked on the clerical staff of the Dublin city council. Eamonn joined the Gaelic League in 1900 and later taught classes in Irish. Ceannt was a pipe player, once playing the uileann pipes for the Pope in Rome. He was said to love the language, music and dance of his native country and to have an unshakeable commitment to Irish freedom. Ceannt joined Sinn Fein and the Irish Republican Brotherhood in 1908. He was also one of the founders of the Irish Volunteers in 1913, and was elected to its Provisional Committee. The day before the Easter Rising in 1916, Ceannt was one of the seven signatories to the Proclamation, in effect, signing their death warrants. During the Rising, he commanded the area of the South Dublin Union. The plan called for him to hold the area with 1,000 men; he had only 130, but his small command, especially Cathal Brugha, resisted the British until Patrick Pearse surrendered the entire rebel force. Like the other leaders of the Rising, Eamonn Ceannt faced the kangaroo court that condemned him with his head held high. On May 7, he wrote his wife a note, telling her, "I shall die, like a man for Ireland's sake." On May 8, he was put up against a wall in Kilmainham Jail and shot.

1909 - Artist Tom Carr is born is Belfast


1923 - Corporal Ben McEvoy (PA) was injured after being struck by a vehicle while assisting a stranded motorist.

1932 - Birth of Mariga Guinness, nee Princess Hermione Marie Gabrielle von Urach, Countess Wurttemberg; co-founder of Irish Georgian Society

1949 - The Republic of Ireland soccer team beats England 2-0 at Goodison Park - England's first defeat by a foreign side


1974 - Walter Brennan actor, dies at 80 (his parents were Irish immigrants).

1978 -The PIRA exploded bombs at the RAF airfield near Eglinton, County Londonderry. The terminal building, two aircraft hangars and four planes were destroyed.

1981 - Death of author Christy Brown

1999 - Delegations from the Ulster Unionist Party and Sinn Fein meet at Stormont for their first direct talks in two months


1999 - Taoiseach Bertie Ahern pledges support for Arafat and the Palestinians


2000 - Taoiseach Bertie Ahern condemns the missile attack on the MI6 HQ in London. The Real IRA fired a rocket propelled grenade at MI6 headquarters in London.


2000 - Gardai arrest a man in connection with the bombing of Nelson’s Pillar in O'Connell Street, Dublin, 34 years ago

2001 - Taoiseach Bertie Ahern announces that Ireland will put its airports, airspace, refuelling facilities and garda intelligence at the disposal of the US in the battle against terrorism.


2006: Golfing history on Irish soil. The Ryder Cup officially opens at the K Club in Co. Kildare. It is the first time golf's premier team tournament has come to Ireland and to date, it is the biggest sporting event ever staged in the country.