June (Meitheamh) 25th


1731 - The Dublin Society for Improving Husbandry, (later to become the Royal Dublin Society on June 19, 1820), is founded on this date


1783 - The Bank of Ireland is established in Dublin, by Royal charter. It issues its first notes, and opens to the public on this date; the Irish pound is worth 12/13 sterling


1798 - Northern column fails to take Hacketstown, Co. Carlow and returns to camp at Croghan. Southern column marches from Slatt, to camp at Kilcumney Hill, Co. Carlow


1870 - Erskine Childers, novelist, member of the Royal Navy, and later an Irish nationalist, is born in London. He is famous for the classic spy yarn "The Riddle Of The Sands." For more on his life, please click The Wild Geese

1874 - Rose Cecil O’Neill (d.1944), illustrator, writer and creator of the Kewpie doll, was born in Wilkes-Barre , Pa.

1891 - Charles Stewart Parnell married Katherine O'Shea in England


1938 - Dr. Douglas Hyde inaugurated as first President of Ireland; Se´┐Żn T O'Ceallaigh, Eamon de Valera and Erskine Childers were all installed on the same day in 1945, 1959 and 1973 respectively


1939 - Garech A Bron, founder of Claddagh Records, music publisher and world-traveller, is born in Glenmaroon, Chapelizod, Co. Dublin. Samuel Beckett, Robert Graves, Patrick Kavanagh and the Chieftains, which he founded, feature among Claddagh's diverse recordings

1950 - Muiris O' Suilleabhain, writer, drowns while swimming off Co. Galway. He was born on the Great Blasket Island off Co, Kerry in 1904. The English scholar George Thomson, who visited the island for the first time in 1923, encouraged Muiris to write. His book "Fiche Bliain ag Fes" describes his early life on the Great Blasket. In 1933-1934(?), it was translated into English as "Twenty Years A-Growing" the same year it was published in Irish. It was later published into many other languages and has been acclaimed by international critics as a jewel of Irish culture

1970 - Restrictions on Catholics attending Trinity College removed


1992 - Joan Denise Moriarty, ballet composer, choreographer and founder of the Irish National Ballet, dies. During her career, she choreographed over 100 original works, drawing on themes from Irish mythology and legend, fusing traditional dance forms with ballet. Her aim was to create an original Irish form of this European art

1998 - In Northern Ireland voters chose members for the new 108-seat Northern Ireland Assembly. Parties committed to the peace settlement emerged as victors. Anti-agreement forces accounted for 29 of the 108 seats.


2007 - The final British troops withdrew from the Northern Ireland borderland long known as "bandit country," ending a 37-year mission to keep watch over the Irish Republican Army's most dangerous power base.


Feast Days:


St. Moloc of Mortlach, Bishop
(also known as Lua, Luan, Lugaidh, Moloag, Molluog, Molua, Murlach)


Born in Scotland; died at Rossmarkie, c. 572. Saint Moluag was educated in the monastery school of Bangor in Ireland and then returned to his native land as a missionary. (Some say that he was actually from Ulster and may have been an O'Neill.) The Cistercian Bernard of Clairvaux in his biography of his close friend Malachy of Ireland tells us that the monk Moluag of Bangor was the founder of 100 monasteries in Scotland.


Moluag actually arrived about a year before Columba in Scotland. He was accompanied by Saint Comgall, an Irish Pict, who presented him to King Brude to obtain his authority for the mission.


The blackthorn crosier (Bachuill Mor) of Saint Moluag is in the possession of the Campbells, dukes of Argyle, who traditionally carried
it with them into battle.


Another version:


Also known as Lugaidh and Molloch, Moluag was born c.530AD of the clan Dalaraidhe, in northern Ireland where he became a monk of Bangor. Many consider his true name to have been Lugaidh (pronounced Lua) and the form of Moluag, used in the Annals of Tigernach, is simply an affectionate form - Mo-Luoc, "my Lugaidh". St Moluag's plan for working Pictland was to organize three great muinntirs or communities to be the centres of education and ministerial supply for the Churches in their respective districts; and, of course, for the maintenance of these central communities he had the reserves of the mother church of Bangor in Eire.


St. Molonachus of Lismore, Bishop

7th century. Molonachus, a disciple of Saint Brendan, became bishop of Lismore in Argyle (Benedictines).