June (Meitheamh) �3rd
1798 - Government reinforces Gorey and Bunclody, Co. Wexford. Rebels decide to attack Gorey
1836 - Barry Edward O'Meara (1786-1836) was an Irish surgeon and founding member of the Reform Club, who accompanied Napoleon to St. Helena and became his physician, having been surgeon on board the Bellerophon when the emperor surrendered himself. He is remembered as the author of Napoleon in Exile, or A Voice From St. Helena (1822) a book which charged Sir Hudson Lowe with mistreating the former emperor and created no small sensation on its appearance.
He became involved in a feud with Napoleon's custodian, Sir Hudson Lowe, whom he charged with mistreatment of Napoleon. O'Meara was forced to return to England. He died in London on this date.
1878 - Sinead de Valera, nee Flanagan; teacher and writer, is born in Balbriggan, Co. Dublin
1888 - "Casey at the Bat" published (SF Examiner) - the majority of names referenced in this work are Celtic - reflecting the Celtic influence on the great American pasttime at this point in its history.
1919 - The Local Government Act provides for proportional representation at local authority elections
1933 - William Muldoon, Belfast NY, boxing commissioner, dies at 88
1943 - Billy Cunningham, NBA/ABA (Phila 76ers, Carolina Cougers) born in Brooklyn, NY.
1963 - Pope John XXIII dies the age of 81. He is succeeded by Pope Paul VI
1972 - A Protestant march against the creation of "no-go" areas in Londonderry ends in a bloody battle on the Craigavon Bridge. Soldiers use rubber bullets and water cannon to control the crowd when the so-called "Tartan gangs" at the tail end of the march begin to throw bottles and stones at the Army
1974 - Michael Gaughan dies on hunger strike at Parkhurst Prison in England
On 31 March 1974, Gaughan, along with Paul Holme, Hugh Feeney and fellow Mayoman Frank Stagg, went on hunger strike to support the fight of Dolours and Marion Price to obtain political status and to be transferred to a jail in Ireland. The prisoners demands were as follows.
The right to political status,
The right to wear their own clothes,
A guarantee that he would not be returned to solitary confinement,
The right to educational facilities and not engage in penal labour,
The setting of a reasonable date for a transfer to an Irish prison.
1991 - Coagh ambush – the SAS shot dead three PIRA volunteers as they traveled in a car through Coagh, County Tyrone. The car burst into flames. There have been claims that two of the volunteers fled the blazing car, only to be shot and then put back inside by the SAS.
1998 - The Prince of Wales meets with the political spokesmen for loyalist paramilitary groups at a garden party hosted by Britain's Northern Ireland Secretary Mo Mowlam. The Prince also meets victims of terrorist violence and presents others with MBEs. The event at Hillsborough Castle is attended by 2,500 people including Gary McMichael and David Adams of the Ulster Democratic Party. The garden party, which Sinn F�in leaders had refused to attend because of the Prince's links to the Parachute Regiment, is the highlight of his hectic two-day visit. Representatives of the DUP are also present � less than a week after party leader Ian Paisley brands the Queen a "parrot"
2000 - Twelve people are injured, none seriously, when gas tanks explode at the rear of Cronin's restaurant, in Killarney, Co Kerry
2000 - Cathal Crumley, a former IRA prisoner faces unionist anger as he prepares to become the first Sinn Fein Mayor in Ireland since 1920
2001 - It is announced that the Irish immigration authorities are to open special visa offices in Bejing and Moscow. The move is aimed at speeding up the entry of Chinese and Russian workers and students to Ireland
2002 - Residents of east Belfast begin clearing up following another night of sectarian violence that saw armed gunmen on the streets of the city. Tension remains high in the area around the nationalist Short Strand enclave as both communities brace themselves for a fresh bout of sectarian violence
2002 - The Dublin mini-marathon, the largest gathering of its kind in the world, attracts nearly 40,000 women from all over the country and various parts of the world.
In the liturgical calendar, June 3 is the feast day of St. Kevin, also known as Coemgen and Kevin of the Angels. He is the patron of blackbirds, the archdiocese of Dublin and Glendalough, Co. Wicklow.
St. Kevin of Glendalough, Abbot
(Coaimhghin, Coemgen, Keivin)
Born at Fort of the White Fountain in Leinster, Ireland; died c. 618. Kevin was born of Irish royalty, but that doesn't tell us much because
there were as many kings in Ireland as there were saints in Cornwall. He was baptized as Kevin or Coemgen, which means the "Fair-begotten" by
Saint Cronan. As a boy he was sent to be educated at a monastery, where he was fortunate enough to be a pupil of Saint Petroc of Cornwall, who
was then in Ireland. Kevin is best remembered as the abbot-founder of Glendalough, County Wicklow, one of the most famous abbeys of Ireland.
After his ordination he settled as a hermit in the scenic Valley of the Two Lakes by the Upper Lake, led there by an angel. This is at a place
now marked by a cave called "Saint Kevin's Bed," which was formerly a Bronze Age tomb that he reused, and the Teampull na Skelling (the rock
church). After seven years as a solitary living on nettles and herbs, he was persuaded to founded a monastery at Disert-Coemgen for the many
disciples he attracted. He made a pilgrimage to Rome and brought back many relics for his foundation.
When the number who gathered around him became too numerous for the site, the monastery was moved after his death (at age 120) down to the
Lower Lake. Still more churches were added to the east of the site during the abbacy of Laurence O'Toole. Glendalough has always been a
popular pilgrimage site.
St. Cronan the Tanner
Died 617. Saint Cronan was a disciple of Saint Kevin (Benedictines).
7th century. Saint Kevin preached the Gospel and the Holy Spirit led the heart of the Irish Saint Glunshallaich to conversion. He became penitent
for the balance of his life. He was buried at Glendalough in the same grave as his evangelist (Benedictines).
Glendalough - Monastery and School
Glendalough (the Valley of the Two Lakes) is a picturesque and lonely glen in the heart of the Wicklow Mountains. The fame of its monastic
school is due to its founder, St. Kevin. Kevin (Irish Coemghen, the fair-begotten) was born near Rathdrum towards the close of the fifth
century, and lived to the age of 120 years. His earliest tutor was St. Petroc of Cornwall, who had come to Leinster about 492, and devoted
himself with considerable ardour to the study of the Sacred Scriptures, in which his pupil also became proficient. Kevin next studied under his
uncle, St. Eugenius, afterwards Bishop of Ardstraw, who at that time lived at Kilnamanagh in Wicklow, where he taught his pupils all the
sacred learning which he had acquired in the famous British monastery of Rosnat.