November (Samhain) 5th
1605 Gunpowder Plot; Catholics try to blow up English Parliament. Plot uncovered & leader Guy Fawkes hanged The Gunpowder Plot was planned in response to strict enforcement of anti-Catholic laws by King James I. Several prominent English Catholics plotted to blow up Parliament when the King was to address the House of Lords. Robert Catesby gathered a dozen young men to smuggle barrels of gunpowder into the basement of the House of Parliament. 36 barrels of gunpowder were placed in the cellar. The plot was discovered and one of the conspirators, Guy Fawkes, was arrested as he entered the cellar before the planned explosion. Fawkes was supposed to light the fuse but was caught and horribly tortured. Fawkes, after persuasion on the rack in the White Tower of London, confessed to trying to blow up Parliament. Fawkes and other conspirators were tried, convicted and executed. November 5 is known as Guy Fawkes Day in England and is celebrated by shooting firecrackers and burning effigies of Fawkes. The story is told in the 1996 book "Faith and Treason: The Story of the Gunpowder Plot" by Antonia Fraser. In 2005 Alice Hogge authored ““God’’s Secret Agents: Queen Elizabeth’’s Forbidden Priests and the Hatching of the Gunpowder Plot.””
1688 - William of Orange, King of the Netherlands and brother-in-law of King James II of England, arrived in Brixham, England, with a large Dutch army. He had been invited by the Protestant noblemen of the country to come and usurp the English throne. Led by Lord Monmouth, a group of Protestant nobles had unsuccessfully attempted to prevent the Catholic James from ascending to the throne on the death of Charles II in 1685. Since then James had been disturbing the Protestant noblemen who had remained loyal to him in '85 by giving Catholics more and more freedoms in both England and Ireland; on May 7, 1688, he issued a 'Declaration of Indulgence' pledging religious toleration. Still the Protestant nobles had been comforted by the fact that all the possible heirs to James were Protestant; thus the country would be safely returned to a Protestant monarch in time and many of James' reforms would be reversed. All that changed on June 10 when the Queen gave birth to a male heir, one who would be raised as a Catholic. Very shortly thereafter in invitation was sent across to William, who was married to James' sister Mary, to came and save England for Protestantism. This, William was more than happy to do, for Louis XIV of France was threatening to invade the Netherlands and what better way to ensure the support of England in that coming war than to become the King of that country. The "Glorious Revolution," as the British would come to call it, was now underway. In less than two month, James II would have to flee for his life, never to return. For the native population of Ireland the eventual results of this revolution would be far from 'glorious.' The results would be death, destruction, poverty, hundreds of years of second-class citizenship in their own land, and a legacy of hatred between Protestant and Catholic in the north of Ireland that persists to this day. William of Orange was actually the son-in-law of James II, not his brother-in-law. William’’s wife, Mary, was James’’ eldest daughter. Some evidence indicates Mary was a mooncalf and William was a homosexual. What an interesting union!
1768 - Irish born William Johnson, the northern Indian Commissioner, signed a treaty with the Iroquois Indians to acquire much of the land between the Tennessee and Ohio rivers for future settlement.
1878 - The New York Gaelic Society is formed
1907 - Officer Michael Murphy (KY) was shot and killed while attempting to arrest a man who was causing a disturbance at a polling place near High Street and Broadway on Election Day.
1918 - George Sheehan, cardiologist, was born. He became well known for his book ““Running and Being.””
1924 - Patrolman John Monohan (NY) died of injuries he sustained the previous day when his motorcycle collided with a vehicle at the corner of Nagle Avenue and Academy Street.
1942 - George M. Cohan (64), composer, actor, dancer, died.
1946 - John F Kennedy (D-MA) elected to House of Representatives
1973 - Trooper Rannie DeWitt Kennedy (VA) was killed in an automobile accident during a vehicle pursuit on Route 208 in Spotsylvania County
1987 - Death of broadcaster Eamon Andrews
2001 - Politicians from all parties join hundreds of mourners on Achill Island to pay tribute to former Gaeltacht Minister and Mayo Fianna Fááil TD, Denis Gallagher
Denis Gallagher was born in Currane, by Clew Bay, facing Achill Island, County Mayo in 1922. He was educated locally and at St. Enda’’s College in Galway. He qualified as a national school teacher having graduated from St. Patrick’’s Drumcondra in Dublin. He taught in Drimnagh in Dublin for several years before returning to Mayo in 1946 to take up a teaching post. Gallagher stood as a Clann na Poblachta candidate in the 1954 General Election in Mayo but failed to be elected.
In the 1960s Gallagher changed allegiance and became a member of Fianna Fááil. He was elected to Mayo County Council in 1967 and was elected to Dááil ÉÉireann on his second attempt in the 1973 general election for the Mayo West constituency. Gallagher did not remain on the backbenches for very long. He joined the Fianna Fááil front bench in 1974 as spokesperson on Fisheries. He remained in that position until 1977 when the party returned to power and Gallagher was appointed Minister for the Gaeltacht. He was an active Minister with an interest in Irish language affairs.
During the 1979 leadership contest Gallagher supported George Colley, however, Charles Haughey became party leader and Taoiseach. Because of this Gallagher was demoted to the position of Minister of State. In October 1982, following the resignations of Martin O'Donoghue and Desmond O'Malley from the Cabinet, after they supported Charlie McCreevy’’s motion of no confidence, Gallagher returned as Minister for the Gaeltacht. He remained in that post until December when Fianna Fááil went into opposition.
Following the 1987 general election there was no place in the cabinet for Gallagher. He was however made Minister of State at the Deparment of the Gaeltacht. As a result he retired from politics at the next general election in 1989. Following his retirement he worked to advance the Irish language cause and also served as chairman of the Gaelic Athletic Association in Mayo.
2002 - Mick McCarthy steps down as Republic of Ireland soccer manager.
2007 - Sergeant Michael Ryan (NYC) died of three different forms of aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma he contracted after inhaling toxic chemicals and materials while working hundreds of hours at Ground Zero, the site of the World Trade Center terrorist attack of September 11, 2001.
Missing in Action1965 George C. McCleary, BATON ROUGE, LA REMAINS RETURNED ID'D 05/91
St. Kea, Bishop of Devon and Cornwall(Kay, Ke, Kenan, Quay)
6th century. The British saint Kea left his name to Kea in Cornwall and Landkey in Devon, where he is still venerated. He passed some of his life and died in Brittany, where he is venerated as Saint Quay (at Saint-Quay in northern Brittany and Saint-Quay-Portrieux near Saint Brieuc). The details of his life are very uncertain; however, it is possible that as Kea, Fili, and Saint Ruadan (f.d. April 15) travelled from Glastonbury into Devon and Cornwall they founded churches and monasteries. Less certain is Kea's noble parentage and association with Saint Gildas (f.d.January 29), who is said to have made his bells (Benedictines,Farmer). (Benedictines, Farmer).
In art he is depicted as a bishop ploughing with seven stags (in pictures from Brittany); sometimes waters gushes from a rock that he has struck (Roeder). Saint Kea is invoked against toothache (Farmer).
(Another Life)About the Fifth century, a young Irish monk watched with anguish as his brother monks sailed away from the southern shore of Ireland to preach the word of God to the heathen in England. Such was his distress at being left behind that he fell in a swoon while praying upon a hollow granite boulder and, on wakening, found to his amazement that his kneeling Stone was floating. This continued to do, day and night through storm and tempest, until it finally drifted gently ashore on the bank of the river Fal at what is known as Churchtown Creek. There he founded a monastery. His name was Kea.